Q: Is it permissible for the Imam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) to recite from a Mus-haf (copy of the Qur'an) during the Five Obligatory Daily Prayers, especially in Fajr (Dawn) Prayer as it is recommended in Fajr Prayer to recite as much as possible to avoid making mistakes or forgetting to recite any verse?
Bin Baz rahimahullah zei:
A: It is permissible when necessary to recite from a Mus-haf. Moreover, it is permissible also to do so in Tarawih (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadan) by anyone who does not memorize the Qur'an by heart. Dhakwan the freed-slave of `Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) used to be her Imam in Ramadan and recited from a Mus-haf. This was reported by Al-Bukhari in his Sahih as a stressed Hadith. The Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) is to recite as much as possible in Fajr Prayer. If the Imam does not memorize the Mufassal (the last 65-70 chapters of the Qur'an) or other Surahs (Qur'anic chapter), then it would be permissible to recite from a copy of the Qur'an. Yet, the Imam should preoccupy himself with memorizing the Qur'an and do his best in this regard to memorize the Mufassal Surahs at least so that he would not need to recite from a Mus-haf. The Mufassal Surahs start with Surah Qaf until the end of the Qur'an. Whoever does his best to memorize the Qur'an, Allah will make it easy for him. Allah (Exalted be He) says:

And whosoever fears Allâh and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty).

Allah (Exalted be He) says:

And We have indeed made the Qur’ân easy to understand and remember; then is there any one who will remember (or receive admonition)?

(Part No. 11; Page No. 118)

May Allah guide us all.

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